One of the oldest gemstone cuts, a cabochon cut stone has been shaped and polished without any facets. Click here for more cabochon cut stones.
First noted in history in 1477 when Archduke Maximilian of Austria gifted Mary of Burgundy with an emerald cut diamond engagement ring, emerald cut stones remain popular to this day. It is a type of step cut, typically a rectangle with rectangular facets. Its cropped corners give it a fantastic architectural look that led to its popularity in the 20’s through 50’s. Click here for more emerald cut stones.
Popular from the 1800’s through the 1900’s, the rose cut gemstone is one of the very oldest faceted cuts of stone. Often described as a faceted cabochon cut stone, the rose cut, unlike a modern gemstone cut has a flat base and a faceted domed top, causing it to look like a rose about to unfurl its petals. Rose cuts are a very shallow cut so stone often look twice their weight at first glance. Click here for more Rose Cuts
Old Mine cut stones date from the mid 1800’s through the 1900’s and are most often found in Georgian and Victorian jewelry. Primarily hand cut with the aid of early machines, Old Mine cut stones are each uniquely beautiful. The predecessor to the Old European cut and brilliant cut, from the top, they look like a gently rounded square. A deep cut, they have a high crown, small table and flat culet. Click here for more Old Mine Cuts
The Old European cut dates from the 1870’s through the 1930’s. It was popular during the Victorian, Edwardian & Art Deco eras. One of Isadora’s very favorite cuts, the Old European cut diamond is round, viewed from above. Like the Old Mine Cut Diamond it has a high crown, small table and flat culet. It has 58 facets and is the predecessor to the modern brilliant cut diamond. The differences between an Old European cut and a brilliant cut stone are subtle, but distinct. Both have a beautiful sparkle, but an Old European cuts sparkle draws the eye inward while the brilliant cut tends to have an outward moving sparkle. Click here for more Old European Cuts
One of the cuts with the shortest time period, the transitional cut, is none-the-less a gorgeous cut. Cut from approximately 1918 through the 1920’s and perfected by Henry Morse and his partner Charles Field, the transitional cut diamond is a round, faceted cut. An evolution of the Old European cut, the transitional cut (sometimes known as the Early American Cut) has a lower crown, more medium table, shorter pavilion and smaller culet than the Old European cut. This a very consistently proportioned and beautiful stone cut. Click here for more Transitional Cuts
Invented in 1919 by Marcel Tolkowsky, the brilliant cut for the first time put very specific proportions and mathematical computation to the cutting of stones in order to create maximum brilliance and dispersion of light. [For the highly interested: Given the diamond’s diameter to be equal to 100, the table should be 53% total depth 60-61% crown depth 16.2%, and pavilion depth 43.1%. Also ideal crown angle should be 34.5% and optimum pavilion angle 40.75%]. The Early Modern Brilliant cut has continued to evolve since its creation in 1919 and is one of the most popular cuts of stone to this day. Click here for more Early Modern Brilliant Cuts
The prince cut is a square faceted cut. It is similar to the brilliant cut but rather than being round it is square. It is a modern cut of stone and not to be found in old pieces.
If you love a square look but want a vintage stone we recommend purchasing an illusion set ring. The illusion setting was highly popular in the 1920’s through 1950’s. It is a square setting for a round stone. So you will usually see an Old European cut, Transitional Cut or Early Modern Brilliant cut Diamond set in the illusion setting which gives the round stone a square look. Click here for more Illusion Set Stones
The French cut diamond is a fantastic, square diamond cut that we rarely find but absolutely adore. There is dispute about when this cut was first invented but there is no dispute about the height of its popularity--the Art Deco era. It looks like a square from above with the facets creating the look of a four-pointed star. Click here for more French Cuts
Developed in 1902 and popular during the Art Deco era for its geometric form and square step cut shape, the vintage Asscher cut is one of the most rare and beautiful of cuts. The Asscher cut is square or rectangular with wide corners. The crown is usually very high with a small table and large culet. As only the most expert cutters cut Asscher cuts, and only the finest stones were used, Asscher cut are almost always exceptional. In cutting the diamond you must loose a lot of the stone, which is one of the reasons the Asscher cut is so rare and those that exist so valuable. Click here for more Asscher Cuts
If you are looking at an older diamond and wondering why it looks like there is a tiny dot in the very center of the stone, you have probably located the culet. One of the idiosyncrasies of older cut stones, particularly Old European cuts and Old Mine cuts, is the existence of a culet. Modern stones come to a point at the very base of the diamond. In older stones they actually created a facet where that point now exists. And when you look at the top of the ring it almost looks like you can see a tiny dot in the center of the stone. The older the stone, often, the larger the culet.
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